Jack Gilbert was born in 1925 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was educated in Pittsburgh and San Francisco, where he later participated in Jack Spicer’s famous ‘Poetry as Magic’ Workshop at San Francisco State College in 1957. He has been awarded a Lannan Literary Award for Poetry and a grant from the National Endowment for the Arts. Monolithos won of the Stanley Kunitz Prize and the American Poetry Review Prize. Views of Jeopardy, Monolithos and Refusing Heaven were all nominated for the Pulitzer Prize, and Refusing Heaven was a finalist for the Los Angeles Times Book Prize. His first UK edition, Transgressions: Selected Poems from Bloodaxe, includes work from all four of his US collections. Gilbert was the 1999-2000 Grace Hazard Conkling writer-in-residence at Smith College and a visiting professor and writer-in-residence at the University of Tennessee in 2004. He lives in western Massachusetts.