Josef Herman (1911-2000) was born in Warsaw and arrived in Britain in 1940. His first exhibition was held in Glasgow in 1942; his first exhibition in London in 1943. In 1944 he moved to the Welsh mining village of Ystradgynlais which inspired some of his best-known work, and where he stayed until 1955. He exhibited regularly at Roland, Browse and Delbanco in London and abroad. He had retrospective exhibitions at Wakefield City Art Gallery in 1955, the Whitechapel Art Gallery in 1956, Glasgow in 1975 and the Camden Art Centre in 1980. In 1962 he received a gold medal for services to art in Wales; he was made an O.B.E. in 1981 and elected to the Royal Academy in 1990. Herman has work in the following public collections: Arts Council; British Council; British Museum; Victoria and Albert Museum; Tate Gallery; National Museum of Modern Art, Edinburgh; National Museum of Wales, Cardiff; Glynn Vivian Art Gallery, Swansea; National Gallery of Melbourne; National Gallery of Wellington; National Gallery of Auckland.