Roland Mathias was born at Talybont-on-Usk in 1915, the son of an Army Chaplain. Much of his childhood was spent in England and Germany. He took B.A. and M.Litt. degrees at Jesus College, Oxford, where he trained as an historian. Having taught in various parts of Britain, he retired in 1969, to live in Brecon. Roland Mathias helped to found Dock Leaves, later the Anglo-Welsh Review, which he edited from 1961 to 1976. A poet, he has published seven volumes, including Burning Brambles (1983), his 'selected poems'. He has also written a collection of short stories, and books on Vernon Watkins and John Cowper Powys, as well as editing books on David Jones, an anthology of short stories and Anglo-Welsh Poetry 1480-1980, with Raymond Garlick.